UP Assembly Election 2016-17 Caste Based Politics Scenarios :- Political change in Uttar Pradesh is often interpreted in terms of change in the caste composition for state assembly elections. The overall representation of caste based politics and group members has been an indicator of caste political empowerment with identity of political parties. Some of the regional parties have built their core support base by offering preferential representation using ticket distribution with programmatic benefits.
The parties have become more inclusive as they are being represented in the assembly. The state election is now days more representative of various castes than it used to be in the past.
Some of the dominant OBC communities as like Kurmis, Yadavs and Gujjars has added to the Jats in western UP and has been representing only 15% of the total electorate or even 34% of the total backward population. They have also represented the bulk of the OBC legislators in the Lok Sabha and the Vidhan Sabha only.
Caste based politics Scenarios
Although, if you have a close look at the socio-economic profile of Uttar Pradesh’s MLAs it offers a different picture. There are challenges that the political class of Uttar Pradesh has actually become more diverse. One of the major trends being seen with the state’s electoral politics over the past 20 years is with showing increasing number of candidates and MLAs declaring business activity.
In the past years most of the MLAs either declared themselves to be farmers or members of some liberal profession and managing their identity before elections. In the years of 1950s and 1960s, farmers accounted for below 40 per cent of the assembly ad has reached to 50 per cent in the 1980s in the time of kisan politics all around. However, now days self-declared farmers in the assembly has reached only at 28.4 per cent in 2012.
Self declared professions Politics
Lawyer was also one of the most preferred represented profession and accounts for an average of 18 per cent of the MLAs until the 1990s. However, there has been a dramatic change and only three per cent of the MLAs declared law as a profession by the year 2012. At present candidates with business profile background has replaced all other dominant categories.
By the year 1980s, only 7 to 8 per cent of MLAs declared business as their occupation but the proportion has doubled with the following decade.
In the year 2012, almost 33.4 per cent self-declared businessmen were available in the assembly. The statics suggests that ration of such professionals increased to 47.4 per cent of the MLAs.
Some of the interesting figures suggest that BSP is having the highest share of businessmen among its MLAs near about 66.3 per cent and mostly engaged in the construction and real estate sectors.
The party is having smallest share of farmers as like 15 percent only and BJP even a slight higher to 17 percent.
However, it is a surprising fact that most of its MLAs are elected in urban or semi-urban areas only. They are also having the highest ratio of self-declared politicians or social workers as about 15 percent.